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  • Based on collection volume method, electric field intensification 

  • Extension of rolling sphere method, conventional system considering the competing features of building 

  • Non-radioactive technology

  • No external power required 

  • No moving parts 

  • Streamers released only when the ambient field can sustain leader initiation and propagation 

  • Protection radius based on protection levels from 84% to 99% 

  • Dynamic response to the approach of a lightning downleader 

  • Design software for adequate placement for terminal for optimal protection 

  • Only one down conductor required upto 100 m 

Controlled Streamer Emission (CSE): Project
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